Level-2_Lecture-4

 


विभक्त्या:


  1. कर्ता – Who (Nominative) 1 – प्रथमा
  2. उसे (कर्म) – To (Accusative) 2 – द्वितीया
  3. द्वारा (करण) – By (Instrumental) 3 – तृतीया
  4. उसके लिये (संप्रदान) – For (Dative) 4 – चतुर्थी  <<<
  5. उसमे से (अपादान) – From (Ablative) 5 – पञ्चमी
  6. उसका (संबन्ध) – His / Her/ Its (Genitive) 6 – षष्टि
  7. उसमे (अधिकरण) – Where (Locative) 7 – सप्तमि
  8. हे! (सम्बोधनम्) – calling (Vocative) सम्बोधनम्

उसके लिये (संप्रदान) – For (Dative) 4 – चतुर्थी

दयालु निर्धनाय वस्त्रं ददाति
दयालु निर्धन के लिए वस्त्र दे रहा / रही है|
Generous person donates clothes for poor. [Singular]

धेनु मनुष्याय क्षीरं ददाति
गौेए मनुष्यों के लिए दूध देती है|
Cows give milk for humans.

अहं काकेभ्य: अन्नं ददामि
I am giving food for crow.

भक्त: निर्धनेभ्य: भोजनं ददाति
Devotee donates food for the poors. [Plural]

लता राधिकायै पुष्पं ददाति
Lata gives flowers for Radhika

राम: शबर्यै मोक्षं दत्तवान्
(Lord) Ram gives Moksha (Nirvana) for Shabri.

महाराज: प्रजाभ्य: धान्यं ददाति स्म
The King “was” (स्म) giving grains for the people.

सर्वकार: नगरेभ्य: विद्युत- शक्तिं ददाति
The government gives electricity for the cities. [Plural]

अहं मित्रेभ्य: मधुरं ददामि
I am giving sweets for friends. [Plural]


चतुर्विभक्त्या: संकीरणम् [Summary of 4 Vibhaktis]


स: गायति, प्रथमा विभक्ति (स:) = He is singing.

स: गायनं गायति, द्वितीय विभक्ति (गायनम) = He is singing a song.

स: मधुरं गायनं गायति, विशेषण्  (मधुरम) = He is singing a melodious song.

स: कण्ठेन मधुरं गायनं गायति,  तृतीया विभक्ति(कण्ठेन) = He is singing a melodious song by his vocal chord.

स: श्रोतृ-गणाय कण्ठेनमधुरं गायनं गायति,  चतुर्थी (श्रोतृ-गणाय) = He is singing a melodious song by his vocal chord for audience.